Differences between Montessori and Traditional Education 2017-08-02T15:50:26+00:00

Montessori vs. Traditional Education

Here is a table comparing the Montessori philosophy to the Traditional philosophy of education.

Montessori

Traditional

Emphasis on Cognitive and Social Development Emphasis on Rote Learning and Social Behavior
Teacher has guiding role Teacher controls classroom
Environment and method encourage self-discipline Teacher acts as primary enforcer of discipline
Mainly individual instruction Mainly group instruction
Mixed age groups Same age groups
Grouping encourages children to teach and collaborate Teaching is done by teacher; collaboration is discouraged
Child chooses their own work Curriculum structured for child
Child discovers own concepts from self-teaching materials Child is guided to concepts by teacher
Child is allocated time to work on and complete lesson Child is generally allotted specific time for work
Child sets their own learning pace Instruction pace is set by the group
Child spots their own errors from feedback of material Errors in child’s work highlighted by the teacher
Child reinforces their own learning by repetition of work and internal feelings of success Learning is reinforced externally by repetition, rewards, and punishment
Child can work where he or she chooses, move about and talk at will (yet not to disturb others), group work voluntarily Child usually assigned a seat; required to participate during group lessons
Multi-sensory materials for physical exploration organizes the program for learning care of self and environment No organized program for self-care instruction; left primarily up to the parents